Next Generation Microgrids - Is Camp Pendleton The Most Advanced in the World?
Microgrids have been on our radar at RealComm for several years now. We knew there was a viable relationship between Microgrids and smart buildings & campuses. After all, why wouldn’t forward-thinking companies want to take advantage of all the benefits of a Microgrid for their commercial and corporate real estate projects?
Brand new technologies often start out as a trend, the ‘next new thing’. There was speculation that the energy around microgrids was coming from a large influx of capital from state and local governments, as well as the utilities. Like many new ideas, microgrids rose in popularity and then suddenly disappeared. After the hype phase died down, the topic of microgrids did not disappear, but rather the noise went away and the serious got down to work.
One aspect that seemed ambiguous was defining what microgrids actually are; there are many different names and interpretations. Are they simply local co-generation systems, or a radical augmentation? In extreme cases, could they replace the current electric grid operated by the utilities?
There is a definite need for microgrids and they have a unique relationship with smart buildings if we really want to achieve the ultimate efficiency for the built environment.
Early this year, we were invited to tour the FractalGrid Demonstration project at Camp Pendleton. A very advanced project conceived over ten years ago, this project was completed in partnership with the private sector and the Navy. The goal was simple: to make sure Camp Pendleton would remain fully functional in the event of a utility grid interruption. The result was extraordinary, with multiple microgrids strategically arranged to follow a fractal or recursive pattern. Concentrated and PV solar, combined with an advanced flywheel storage system, utilization a state-of-the-art enterprise management platform based on the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile System ICBM (needed for almost instantaneous response), all tightly integrated into smart building automation systems.
The result was possibly the most advanced microgrid / smart building project in the world, which generated 140% of the required electricity for the project. Following is the Executive Overview of the project.
The Camp Pendleton FractalGrid Demonstration (CPFD) Project provides uninterrupted power to loads within a subset of the 52 Area boundary. Upon demand, FractalGrid units are able to island themselves from parent grids, including the utility grid, without any disruption to the facility or adjacent communications and civil infrastructure services and subsequently grid-connect when needed. Utilizing innovative advanced energy storage that can handle up to six full charge/discharge cycles a day for up to 50,000 cycles (with a 25 yr. minimum warranty), essential loads are supported for a set minimum number of days utilizing renewable resources and traditional backup power systems. Critical loads remain on individual circuits with all other building loads sheddable via automation and user interaction (if required). Utility interoperability will be fully integrated, enabling local utilities to take advantage of local microgrids for demand management events as well as to call upon their excess energy to support other needs within the larger outside service area. The system optimizes energy, eliminates utility costs, provides uninterruptable power, and integrates renewable and legacy assets.
- Parking Garage microgrid is comprised of a single 120kWh advanced energy storage unit.
- P1069 Server/Communications Room Microgrid is roughly in the 2kW size and includes generation via solar panels and storage via batteries.
- P1069 Building Microgrid utilizes over 500kW of renewable generation, 120kWh of advanced energy storage, 200kW of traditional backup power, and enhanced load shedding via a sophisticated C4I energy management platform (flex Power System™).
- Area 52 Microgrid – An innovative aggregation of all the other microgrids plus an additional 600kWh (future) of energy storage and grid interoperability (OpenADR2.0B) to the flex Power System™ platform.
- Energy Optimization and Load Management
- Power Conditioning
- Renewable and Advanced Energy Storage Integration
- Demand Response
- Peak Shaving/Load Shifting
- Energy Market Interoperation
- Islanding, critical load preservation during outages
- Cyber Secure
- Carbon Trading
- Reduced Life Cycle Costs
- Increased ROIs
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June 9-10, 2015 (Pre-con June 8)
Marriott Rivercenter | San Antonio, TX
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UPCOMING REALCOMM WEBINARS
A Path to Net Zero – Driving ENERGY EFFICIENCY in Smart Buildings - 7/18/2019
One of the first trends to emerge in the modern smart building movement was energy conservation and efficiency. Approximately eight years ago, the industry realized that connecting energy related equipment to a network and applying advanced analytics and complex integration strategies could result in a significant reduction in energy and natural resource consumption and a resultant decrease in energy related expenses. In recent years, operational efficiency and occupant experience have been added to the smart building discussion, sometimes overshadowing energy efficiency. This webinar will focus on the very important goal of including energy efficiency in the comprehensive smart building strategy.
Tom Shircliff is a co-founder and principal of Intelligent Buildings, a nationally recognized smart real estate professional services company that was started in 2004. Intelligent Buildings provides planning and implementation of next generation strategy for new buildings, existing portfolios and urban communities. Tom is a speaker and collaborator with numerous universities and national laboratories, a gubernatorial appointee for energy strategy and policy and founding Chairman of Envision Charlotte, a Clinton Global Initiative.
Sarah currently serves as a Senior Advisor for the U.S. Department Building Technology Office where she leads commercial zero energy efforts, district-scale solutions, and a pSarah currently serves as a Senior Advisor for the U.S. Department Building Technology Office where she leads commercial zero energy efforts, district-scale solutions, and a portfolio of data infrastructure projects. In previous roles at DOE, Sarah led local government clean energy innovation programs. Sarah has over 15 years of experience in sustainability and energy work. Before DOE, Sarah worked for Baltimore City where she helped establish their Office of Sustainability.
Ryan Knudson, is the AVP for Operations and Energy Management at Macerich. He is responsible for the development, execution and operations for all Capital Expense Energy and Smart Building projects as well as national program vendor management. He oversees the daily operations of Macerich’s portfolio with a focus on same center NOI growth.
Akshai Rao, a vice president at Yardi, is responsible for the development of procurement and energy management solutions to ensure high-performing buildings. Prior to Yardi, Akshai spent five years at Bain & Company where he focused on technology and telecom.